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You are watching: Which of these is a characteristic common to all fungi?


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Artist"s conk (Ganoderma applanatum), a clip fungi. Distributed worldwide, the artist"s conk is a wood-decaying fungus that generally grows ~ above dead or dice trees.
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Fungi are eukaryotic organisms; i.e., your cells save membrane-bound oribel and clearly defined nuclei. Historically, mushroom were contained in the plant kingdom; however, because fungi lack chlorophyll and are distinguished by distinctive structural and physiological features (i.e., materials of the cell wall surface and cabinet membrane), they have been separated from plants. In addition, fungi are plainly distinguished native all other living organisms, consisting of animals, by their principal settings of vegetative growth and nutrient intake. Fungi grow from the tips of filaments (hyphae) that comprise the body of the organisms (mycelia), and they digest organic matter externally before taking in it right into their mycelia.

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While mushrooms and toadstools (poisonous mushrooms) space by no way the most numerous or economically far-reaching fungi, they are the most easily recognized. The Latin word because that mushroom, fungus (plural fungi), has concerned stand for the whole group. Similarly, the research of fungi is known as mycology—a large application of the Greek word because that mushroom, mykēs. Fungi other than mushrooms are sometimes jointly called molds, although this hatchet is far better restricted to fungi of the sort represented by bread mold. (For information about slime molds, i m sorry exhibit functions of both the animal and the fungal worlds, see protist.)


Edible porcini mushrooms (Boletus edulis). Porcini mushrooms are widely dispersed in the north Hemisphere and type symbiotic associations through a number of tree species.