Hydrogen shortcut is an electrostatic attraction between two polar groups that occurs as soon as a hydrogen atom (H), covalently bound to a extremely electronegative atom such as flourine (F), oxygen (O) and nitrogen (N) atoms.

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Because the hydrogen bonds, hydrogen peroxide has greater melting and boiling temperature than various other molecules.


is most most likely to it is in a liquid at room temperature.

Further Explanation:

Intermolecular forces exist in between the molecules or the surrounding particles. These can be attractive and repulsive forces.

Classification the intermolecular forces:

1. Dipole-dipole attraction

When a dipole interacts with one more dipole, these pressures come into play. The charged component of one molecule it s okay attracted to the oppositely charged part of another molecule and dipole-dipole attractions occur. Such types of attractions are shown by carbon dioxide and hydrogen fluoride.

2. Ion-dipole forces

Such forces result from the communication of ion and also a neutral molecule. This neutral molecule is composed of a dipole.

3. Ion-induced dipole forces

An ion induces a dipole once it philosophies a non-polar molecule. The electron arrangement and distribution in the non-polar molecule is disturbed by these forces.

4. Dispersion forces

Atoms and molecules exist because of the visibility of dispersion forces in in between them. Such forces are likewise called Vander Waals or London forces.

5. Hydrogen bonding

When the interaction in between a hydrogen atom and a highly electronegative aspect takes place, hydrogen bonding is said to occur. Hydrogen forms this type of shortcut with elements like nitrogen, oxygen and also fluorine.

There is the visibility of hydrogen bonds in between the electronegative oxygen atom and a hydrogen atom in the situation of hydrogen peroxide

. As result of hydrogen bonds, it exists in a liquid state. However all various other compounds are existing as gases in ~ room temperature since these space not may be to type hydrogen bonds. The boiling and also melting clues of hydrogen peroxide room much greater than those of other molecules because of the presence of hydrogen bond in it.

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Grade: Senior School

Chapter: Ionic and covalent bonding

Subject: Chemistry

Keywords: hydrogen peroxide, H2O2, hydrogen bonds, melting, boiling, intermolecular forces, gases.