Atherosclerosis is a disease of blood vessels. In this condition, the innermost class of the blood vessels (endothelium) is constricted through the deposition the fat, calcium and cellular debris. Atherosclerosis leads to the narrowing the the artery, which in turn reduces the flow of blood passing v it. The reduced blood circulation results in a depletion of the amount of oxygen and also nutrients reaching the affected part of the body.

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Atherosclerosis have the right to lead to more complications such as:


Arteriosclerosis is a wider term because that the condition in which the arteries narrow and harden, leading to poor circulation the blood throughout the body.

Atherosclerosis is a certain kind that arteriosclerosis, but these state are regularly used interchangeably. Both problems lead to decreased blood circulation to other parts of the body.


Atherosclerosis is a gradual disease, which might either begin in childhood or late adulthood. The exact cause of atherosclerosis is still unknown; however, plaque formation starts when there is damages to the endothelium of the artery. Some of the most usual factors i beg your pardon are more likely to reason this damages are:

Other risk factors include:

Sex (men are more prone)Family background of raised cholesterol

Early atherosclerosis does no present any kind of symptoms. Symptoms may show up once the artery starts to end up being narrower. Symptoms may occur depending upon the arteries that are affected. The assorted symptoms are:

Vision problemsSpeech problems

Early diagnosis of atherosclerosis is crucial to prevent more complications. The medical professional evaluates the medical background and looks for the symptoms to diagnose atherosclerosis. Tests count on the arteries that room affected. The various tests which help in diagnosing atherosclerosis are:

ScintigraphyDoppler (especially lower limbs)
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The treatment strategy of atherosclerosis involves:

Controlling threat factors

Medications which are reliable in lowering cholesterol levels include:

Antiplatelet medications deserve to be supplied to protect against blood from coagulation or clogging arteries.

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Antihypertensive medications such as diuretics or angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) might be supplied to control blood pressure.


Lifestyle changes help treat as well as prevent atherosclerosis. The lifestyle transforms that have the right to be useful include:

Avoiding fried and also fatty foodsConsuming fishtwice a weekExercising day-to-day for at the very least three to 4 hoursQuitting tobacco use
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