The intersection that two provided sets is the collection that contains all the facets that are typical to both sets. The symbol for the intersection of to adjust is "∩''. For any kind of two set A and B, the intersection, A ∩ B (read together A intersection B) lists every the facets that are present in both sets, the common facets of A and B. Because that example, if collection A = 1,2,3,4,5 and set B = 3,4,6,8, A ∩ B = 3,4


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What is Intersection that Sets?
2.Complement the Intersection the Sets
3.Intersection of to adjust Venn Diagram
4.Properties of Intersection of Sets
5.Intersection of sets Examples
6.FAQs top top Intersection that Sets

What is Intersection that Sets?

In collection theory, for any kind of two set A and also B, the intersection is identified as the set of every the facets in set A the are additionally present in collection B. We use the symbol '∩' the denotes 'intersection of'. Because that example, permit us stand for the college student who choose ice creams for dessert, Brandon, Sophie, Luke, and Jess. This is set A. The college student who like brownies for dessert are Ron, Sophie, Mia, and Luke. This is collection B. The students who favor both ice creams and also brownies space Sophie and Luke. This is stood for as A ∩ B.

Cardinal Number

The cardinal number of a set is the total variety of elements existing in the set. Because that example, if set A = 1,2,3,4, climate the cardinal number (represented as n (A)) = 4. Take into consideration two to adjust A and B. A = 2, 4, 5, 6,10,11,14, 21, B = 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8,11,12,13 and also A ∩ B = 2, 5, 11 whereby n(A ∩ B) = 3.


n(A ∩ B)= n(A) + n(B) - n(A ∪ B)

Disjoint Sets

Two to adjust A and also B having actually no elements in typical are stated to be disjoint, if A ∩ B = ϕ, climate A and B are dubbed disjoint sets. Example: If A = 2, 3, 5, 9 and B = 1, 4, 6,12, A ∩ B = 2, 3, 5, 9 ∩ 1, 4, 6,12 = ϕ. Therefore, A and B are called disjoint sets.


If set A is the set of organic numbers indigenous 1 come 10 and set B is the set of odd numbers from 1 come 10, climate B is the subset that A. The intersection of set is a subset of each set forming the intersection, (A B) A and (A B) B.

For example- A = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 , B = 2, 4, 7, 12, 14 , A ∩ B = 2, 4, 7. Thus, A ∩ B is a subset the A, and also A ∩ B is a subset of B.

Complement the Intersection the Sets

The set of every the facets in the universal collection but not in A ∩ B is the complement of the intersection the sets. If X = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, Y = 2,4,6,8,10, and also U = 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10, then X ∩ Y = 2,4 and (X ∩ Y)' = 1,3, 5,6,7,8,9,10. The match of intersection of to adjust is denoted as (A∩B)´.

Intersection of to adjust Venn Diagram

Venn Diagrams space diagrams provided to represent or explain the partnership between collection operations. Venn diagrams usage circles to stand for each set. Overlapping circles represent that over there is part relationship in between two or an ext sets, they have typical elements, whereas one that perform not overlap do not share any common elements. The complying with diagram shows the intersection of sets making use of a Venn diagram. Here, collection A = 1,2,3,4,5 and collection B = 3,4,6,8. Because of this A ∩ B = 3,4


Properties that Intersection that Sets

As we have properties for numbers, the intersection of sets additionally has some crucial properties. The following table perform the properties of the intersection of sets.

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Name that Property/LawRule
Commutative LawA ∩ B = B ∩ A
Associative Law(A ∩ B) ∩ C = A ∩ (B ∩ C)
Law of ϕ and also Uϕ ∩ A = ϕ , U ∩ A= A
Idempotent Law(A ∩ (B ∪ C) = (A ∩ B) ∪ (A ∩ C)(A ∪ (B ∩ C) = (A ∪ B) ∩ (A ∪ C)

Important Notes:

(A ∩ B) is the collection of every the aspects that are common to both to adjust A and B.If A ∩ B = ϕ, then A and B are dubbed disjoint sets.n(A ∩ B) = n(A) + n(B) - n(A ∪ B)

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