Conflict theory of stratification holds that inequality is harmful to culture because it creates a fixed system of winners and also losers.

You are watching: Inequality, capitalism, and stratification are key concepts of which theoretical perspective?

Learning Objectives

Compare the conflict theory that inequality come the funcionalist concept of inequality

Key Points

follow to problem theory, capitalist economic competition unfairly privileges the rich, who have the power to perpetrate one unfair mechanism that functions to their advantage. “Losers” who space at the bottom the the society stratification have small opportunity to boost their situation, due to the fact that those at the optimal tend to have actually far an ext political and also economic power. Functionalists argue against the problem theory strategy by competing that world don’t always act out of economic self-interest, and that world who desire to succeed deserve to do for this reason through tough work.

Key Terms

conflict theory: A social science perspective that holds that stratification is dysfunctional and also harmful in society, through inequality perpetuated because it benefits the wealthy and an effective at the expense of the poor. social stratification: The hierarchical arrangement of society classes, or castes, within a society. tax break: A deduction in taxation that is offered in order to encourage a details economic activity or a social objective.

Conflict philosophers argue the stratification is dysfunctional and harmful in society. Follow to conflict theory, society stratification services the wealthy and an effective at the cost of the poor. Thus, it create a system of winners and losers the is maintained by those who are on the top. The civilization who space losers perform not gain a fair possibility to compete, and thus room stuck top top the bottom. For example, countless wealthy households pay low incomes to nannies to treatment for your children, to gardeners to resolve their rose gardens, and also to maids to pick up their dirty socks. These low wage workers carry out not make sufficient to move beyond a paycheck-to-paycheck lifestyle, and have no means to relocate ahead. Therefore, problem theorists think that this competitive system, in addition to the method the video game is “fixed”, ends up creating and perpetuating stratification systems.

According to conflict theory, capitalism, an economic system based on free-market competition, particularly benefits the well-off by assuming that the “trickle down” device is the best way to spread the benefits of wealth across society. Governments that promote capitalism often establish corporate welfare through straight subsidies, tax breaks, and other assistance that benefit large businesses. They assume that the industry will permit these benefits to the rich to make their way to the bad through competition. For example, the Walton family, the owner of Wal-Mart, receives enormous tax breaks. Whether the benefits of these taxation breaks have made their way down come ordinary world through much better business practices or better working conditions for Wal-Mart employee is questionable. Conflict theorists would certainly argue the they haven’t, yet rather have been used by the Walton family to solidify the trends of stratification that keep the family rich.

Functionalists criticize this method by suggesting that human being do not constantly act mainly out of financial self-interest. Because that example, lining Feeney, the creator the Duty cost-free Shoppers, has given $4 billion to charities. Bill entrances has given 58% of his wide range to charity. Functionalists additionally argue that conflict theorists underestimate people’s ability to move upward in society. They argue that if civilization really want to succeed, they deserve to do therefore through tough work.

See more: Which Group Contains Triangles That Are All Similar, Which Group Contains Triangles That Are Similar

Nanny through European Children: Nannies, who are often minority women, are one instance of lower course workers with tiny chance for upward mobility.