A Network Topology is the plan with which computer systems or network gadgets are associated to each other. Topologies may specify both physical and also logical facet of the network. Both logical and also physical topologies could be same or various in a same network.

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Point-to-point networks includes exactly two hosts such as computer, switches or routers, servers connected earlier to ago using a solitary piece the cable. Often, the receiving finish of one host is connected to sending finish of the other and also vice-versa.


If the hosts are associated point-to-point logically, climate may have multiple intermediate devices. Yet the finish hosts space unaware of underlying network and also see each other as if castle are connected directly.

Bus Topology

In situation of Bus topology, all devices share solitary communication line or cable.Bus topology might have difficulty while many hosts sending data at the very same time. Therefore, Bus topology either provides CSMA/CD an innovation or recognizes one organize as Bus master to settle the issue. It is among the simple forms of networking where a fail of a device does not impact the various other devices. Yet failure that the shared communication line can make every other tools stop functioning.


Both end of the shared channel have line terminator. The data is sent in only one direction and also as soon as it reaches the excessive end, the terminator gets rid of the data indigenous the line.

Star Topology

All master in Star topology are linked to a main device, recognized as hub device, making use of a point-to-point connection. The is, there exists a point to suggest connection in between hosts and hub. The hub machine can be any type of of the following:

Layer-1 machine such together hub or repeaterLayer-2 an equipment such as switch or bridgeLayer-3 machine such as router or gateway

As in Bus topology, hub acts as solitary point of failure. If hub fails, connectivity of all hosts to all various other hosts fails. Every communication in between hosts, takes ar through only the hub.Star topology is no expensive regarding connect one an ext host, only one cable is required and configuration is simple.

Ring Topology

In ring topology, every host an equipment connects to precisely two other machines, producing a circular network structure. When one organize tries to communicate or send message to a host which is not surrounding to it, the data travels through all intermediate hosts. To affix one much more host in the present structure, the administrator might need only one an ext extra cable.


Failure of any kind of host outcomes in fail of the whole ring.Thus, every link in the ring is a suggest of failure. There are techniques which rental one more backup ring.

Mesh Topology

In this form of topology, a hold is connected to one or lot of hosts.This topology has hosts in point-to-point link with every other hold or may likewise have hosts which are in point-to-point connection to few hosts only.


Hosts in Mesh topology additionally work as relay for other hosts which perform not have direct point-to-point links. Mesh modern technology comes into two types:

Full Mesh: all hosts have a point-to-point link to every other organize in the network. Thus for every brand-new host n(n-1)/2 connections are required. It gives the most reliable network structure among all network topologies.Partially Mesh: no all hosts have actually point-to-point link to every various other host. Hosts connect to each other in part arbitrarily fashion. This topology exists whereby we require to carry out reliability to some hosts the end of all.

Tree Topology

Also well-known as ordered Topology, this is the many common kind of network topology in usage presently.This topology imitates as extended Star topology and inherits nature of bus topology.

This topology divides the network in to multiple levels/layers that network. Greatly in LANs, a network is bifurcated into three varieties of network devices. The lowermost is access-layer where computer systems are attached. The center layer is well-known as distribution layer, which functions as mediator in between upper layer and lower layer. The highest possible layer is recognized as main point layer, and is central point of the network, i.e. Root of the tree native which all nodes fork.


All bordering hosts have actually point-to-point connection between them.Similar come the Bus topology, if the source goes down, climate the whole network ill even.though it is no the solitary point of failure. Every link serves as suggest of failure, failing of which divides the network right into unreachable segment.

Daisy Chain

This topology connects every the master in a linear fashion. Comparable to Ring topology, every hosts are connected to two hosts only, other than the finish hosts.Means, if the end hosts in daisy chain are associated then it to represent Ring topology.


Each link in daisy chain topology represents single point of failure. Every connect failure splits the network into two segments.Every intermediate host works as relay for its prompt hosts.

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Hybrid Topology

A network structure whose style contains much more than one topology is claimed to be hybrid topology. Hybrid topology inherits merits and also demerits of all the combine topologies.


The above photo represents an arbitrarily hybrid topology. The combining topologies may contain qualities of Star, Ring, Bus, and also Daisy-chain topologies. Most WANs are connected by way of Dual-Ring topology and networks connected to them are mostly Star topology networks. Net is the best example of biggest Hybrid topology