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1Chapter 1 – rundown of Nutrition and HealthObjectives1.2.3.4.5.6.7.8.9.10.11.12.13.Identify personal factors that affect people’s food choices.Name and describe the characteristics of the six types of nutrients in foods.Define what is supposed by crucial nutrients.Identify the energy-yielding nutrients and the number of kcalories every gram listed by each.Discuss what happens as soon as a person takes in more energy than he/she expends.Define RDA and AI, when they space used, and their limitations.List the nutrients consisted of in the DRI.Identify the objective of diet guidelines.Describe six basic diet-planning principles.Discuss the attributes of food team plans and also the USDA Food Guide.Define the information noted on the Nutrition facts panel that a food product.Define daily Values and also describe why lock are offered on food labels.Discuss food label health and wellness claims and also their criteria.Chapter OutlineI.Instructor ResourcesFood Choices healthy and balanced lifestyle options promote health bad lifestyle choices increase hazard of disease healthy nutrition is vital for wellness healthy and balanced food choices do no ensure health and also a long life civilization often pick foods based upon factors various other than healthA.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.K.L.M.PreferenceHabitAssociationsEthnic Heritage and also TraditionValuesSocial InteractionEmotional StateAvailability, Convenience, and EconomyAgeOccupationBody Weight and ImageMedical ConditionsHealth and NutritionABC video: “Going ‘Green’ v a healthy and balanced Diet”II. The Nutrients assistance growth, maintenance, & repair of tissues essential nutrients need to be acquired from foodA. Carbohydrates, Fats, and also Proteins1. Space organic (contain carbon)Worksheet 1-1, tasks 1-1 & 1-2Crossword 1Teaching tip 1-1© 2011 Cengage Learning. All civil liberties Reserved. Might not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in entirety or in part, except for usage as allowed in alicense spread with a specific product or company or otherwise top top a password-protected website for classroom use.22.3.B.C.D.E.F.Called the energy-yielding nutrientsMajor fuelsa. Carbohydratesb. Fatsc. Protein contributes once other fuels space not availableVitamins, Minerals, and Water1. Vitaminsa. Space organicb. Yield no energyc. Facilitate release of energy2. Mineralsa. Are inorganicb. Productivity no energyc. Facilitate release of energy3. Water: inorganic medium wherein all body procedures take placekCalories: A measure of Energy1. Diet kcalories defined2. Carbohydrates: 4 kcalories every gram3. Protein: 4 kcalories every gram4. Fats: 9 kcalories per gram5. Just how to calculate the Energy available from FoodsEnergy nutrient in Foods1. Nearly all foods items contain mixtures of carbohydrates, fats, and proteina. Beef: protein & fatb. Cornbread: carbohydrates, protein & fat2. Pure foodsa. Sugar: carbohydrateb. Oil: fatEnergy warehouse in the Body1. Energy-yielding nutrients offered to build brand-new compounds because that storage2. Fuel metabolic & physical activities3. Excesses room rearranged into storage link for later use4. Too numerous kcalories from any of the nutrients will certainly be stored as fat!Alcohol, not a Nutrient1. Is not a nutrient2. Contains 7 kcalories every gram3. Kcalories indigenous alcohol can be stored as fatIII. Nutrient RecommendationsA. Dietary referral Intakes1. A set of requirements that supports health and wellness by defining quantities of nutrientsa. Energyb. Nutrientsc. Other dietary componentsd. Physical activitye. Collaborative effort of USA & Canadaf. Draft to fulfill needs that most healthy peopleWorksheet 1-3© 2011 Cengage Learning. All legal rights Reserved. Might not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in entirety or in part, other than for usage as permitted in alicense distributed with a certain product or organization or otherwise ~ above a password-protected website for classroom use.32.3.4.5.Setting Nutrient Recommendations: RDA and also AIFacilitating Nutrition Research and Policy: EAREstablishing security Guidelines: ULUsing Nutrient Recommendationsa. EAR: offered to develop & evaluate programs because that groupsb. RDA or AI: provided to set goals for individualsc. UL: helps protect against nutrient toxicity5. Setting Energy Recommendationsa. Nutrient - Values collection at the high finish of the rangeb. Power (EER) - Values depend on age, gender, weight, height, & physics activityB. Agree Macronutrient circulation Ranges (AMDR)1. Carbohydrates = 45-65% daily kcalories2. Protein = 10-35% everyday kcalories3. Fat = 10-35% day-to-day kcaloriesIV. National Nutrition SurveysA. To determine:1. Foods people eat2. Additionally taken3. Nutritional health4. Measure up knowledge, attitudes, & actions related come nutritionB. Offered for:1. Setting public policy2. Food help programs3. Regulation food supply4. Creating research prioritiesC. Coordinating Nutrition inspection Data1. Nationwide Nutrition Surveys – offer as the communication for major diet and nutrition reports2. Continuing Survey of Food join by people (CFSII)3. National health and wellness & Nutrition Examination survey (NHANES)D. National health and wellness Goals – Healthy human being Program1. Identifies national health priorities2. Travel guide Policies3. Several Objectives emphasis on nutrition-related wellness concernsV. Dietary Guidelines and Food GuidesA. Dietary Ideals1. Adequacy2. Balance3. Kcal control4. Nutrient density5. Moderation6. VarietyB. Dietary Guidelines for Americans1. Consume adequate nutrients2. Maintain healthy and balanced weight3. Engage in physics activity4. Eat healthy foods© 2011 Cengage Learning. All civil liberties Reserved. Might not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in entirety or in part, except for usage as permitted in alicense distributed with a specific product or company or otherwise ~ above a password-protected website for classroom use.45. Mitigate saturated fat & infectious diseases world fashion fat6. Pick fiber-rich fruits, vegetable & totality grains7. Mitigate sodium & consume potassium-rich foods8. Consume alcohol in moderation9. Keep foods safeC. Fitness GuidelinesABC video: “Hot-Weather practice Tips”1. For health and wellness benefits – 150 minutes per week of moderate-intensity or 75 minutes/weekvigorous-intensity2. For an ext extensive health and wellness benefits – 300 minutes/week the moderate-intensity or 150minutes/week vigorous-intensity3. Muscle-strengthening including all significant muscle teams 2 or an ext days a week4. For health and wellness benefits – 30 minute of physical activity each day5. For preserving body weight – 60 minute of moderately intense task daily6. Physics fitness provides many health benefitsD. The USDA Food GuideABC videos: “Food Pyramid,” “New Food Pyramid”1. Builds a diet from swarm of foodstuffs that are similar in vitamin & mineral content2. Assigns foods to 5 significant food groupsa. Fruitsb. Vegetablesc. Milkd. Meat & Legumese. Grains3. Recommended everyday Food quantities – recommends daily quantities of foods items from each groupto satisfy nutrient needs4. Noteworthy Nutrientsa. Eat more:1. Dark green vegetables2. Orange vegetables3. Legumes4. Fruits5. Entirety grains6. Low-fat milk & milk productsb. Eat less:1. Refined grains2. Full fats (especially saturated, infectious diseases worldwide fat & cholesterol)3. Sugars4. Total kcalories5. Nutrient DensityTeaching pointer 1-2a. A measure of the nutrient a food offers relative to the energy it providesb. Much more nutrients and also fewer kcalories = an ext nutrient densec. Pick low-fat item from each food team without included fats & sugars6. Discretionary kCalorie Allowancea. Definition: the difference between kcalories required to supply nutrients & those neededfor energyb. World who eat nutrient-dense foodstuffs may be able to meet your nutrient needs withoutconsuming their full allotment the kcalories7. Portion Control© 2011 Cengage Learning. All civil liberties Reserved. Might not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in entirety or in part, except for usage as permitted in alicense dispersed with a specific product or business or otherwise on a password-protected website because that classroom use.5a. ¼ c dried fruit = a golf ballb. 3 oz of meat = a deck of cardsc. 1 ½ oz cheese = 6 stack dice or = a 9-volt batteryd. ½ c ice cream = a racquetballe. 4 little cookies = 4 poker chips8. Mixture of Foods9. Vegetarian Food Guide10. Country Food ChoicesE. MyPyramidVI. Food Labels must include The ingredient list serving sizes Nutrition facts Quantities Percent of day-to-day values might include Nutrient claims wellness claims Structure-Function claimsInternet task 1Activity 1-3; abc video: “Are Food brand Accurate?”A. The Ingredient ListB. Serving SizesC. The everyday Values1. Set of nutrient standards for usage on food labels2. Adequacy criter for preferable nutrients3. Moderation requirements for nutrients that need to be limited4. Compares nutrient with everyday goals of a human consuming 2000 kcaloriesD. Nutrition FactsE. Nutrient ClaimsF. Health and wellness ClaimsG. Structure-Function ClaimsVII. Nutrition in exercise – detect the Truth around NutritionA. Why perform nutrition news reports and also claims for nutrition products seem come contradict each other sooften?1. Well-known media have restricted reporting time & space2. Scientists regularly disagree on brand-new findings3. Preliminary result reported prior to validation or disapproval4. Brand-new products or treatments supported before tests or scrutinyB. Therefore how can a person tell what cases to believe?1. Information should be sustained by clinical research2. “Red flags” because that junk scienceC. What around nutrition and health information discovered on the Internet? exactly how does a person knowwhether the websites are reliable?Worksheet 1-3© 2011 Cengage Learning. All civil liberties Reserved. May not it is in copied, scanned, or duplicated, in entirety or in part, other than for usage as allowed in alicense dispersed with a specific product or organization or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.61.2.3.No guarantee of accuracy of informationWebsite must be evaluatedFederal trade Commission (FTC) & Food & Drug management (FDA) & various other lawenforcement organ take action against fraudulent marketing ~ above the Internet4. Be aware of these Claimsa. “Natural” or “non-toxic”b. “Scientific breakthrough,” “miraculous cure,” “secret ingredient,” or “ancient remedy”c. Cures a wide selection of illnessesd. Provides impressive-sounding clinical termse. Uses money-back guaranteeD. Everyone appears to be providing advice ~ above nutrition. How can a person tell whom to listen to?1. Registered dietitians (RD)2. Nutrition professionals with advanced degrees: MS, MPH, PhD, DrPHE. What around nurses and also other health treatment professionals?1. Nurses2. Physicians3. Dietetic technicians (DTR)4. Physical therapists5. Social workersF. What roles might these various other health treatment professionals play in nutrition care?Activity 1-4Answers to text “Clinical Applications” Questions1.The list of foods and also beverages will differ according to the individual’s dietary intake. A variety ofreasons may be given for food choices. Instances of influential factors that might be discussed includenutritional value, preference for taste, habit, convenience, preserving relationships, component of a socialinteraction, to relax boredom or depression, or a medical condition.2.In bespeak to help a customer learn to vary dietary choices, the nurse could start with a discussion ofvariety as among the dietary ideals. One device that might be offered to emphasize the importance of varietyin dietary intake is the USDA Food Guide. In using this tool, the nurse can explain how to selectfoods from each team to for sure an adequate and balanced diet. Clients should additionally be encouraged tovary their selections within every food team from day come day since different foods in the exact same groupcontain different combinations the nutrients, ensuring adequacy. An additional tool that might be used toemphasize the prestige of range is MyPyramid. The colors of the pyramid show variety. Thistool simplifies the principles presented in the USDA Food Guide.3Responses will differ based top top the individual’s dietary intake because that the day. However, there should bediscussion to compare the individual’s food choices with each of the 5 food groups: grains,vegetables, fruits, meat and legumes, and also milk. The an answer should likewise include a compare of theamounts consumed with those that space recommended through the USDA Food guide (see Table 1-7). If theselections and amounts are no within the recommendations, transforms to satisfy thoserecommendations need to be noted.© 2011 Cengage Learning. All rights Reserved. Might not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, other than for use as allowed in alicense dispersed with a details product or service or otherwise top top a password-protected website for classroom use.7Assignments/Answer tricks for AssignmentsThe adhering to assignment/review worksheets are provided for duplication in ~ the end of this instructor’smanual section:Worksheet 1-1: The definition of Food in your LifeWorksheet 1-2: Nutrient reference Standards corresponding ExerciseWorksheet 1-3: Junk ScienceCrossword 1: Energy and also NutrientsAnswer Key: Worksheet 1-1 & Worksheet 1-3Answer Key: Worksheet 1-21. D2. EAnswer Key: crossword 11. Nutrition4.2. Inorganic5.3. Power density6.3.Answers will certainly vary.Aessential nutrientscaloriesorganic4.7.8.9.Cenergy-yieldingfunctional foodsnutrients5.B10. Kcalorie11. PhytochemicalsClassroom Activities1-1 Pretest1Begin the course through a true/false or multiple choice quiz with inquiries projected on one overheadprojector or utilizing PowerPoint. The students expose their responses by increasing their hands. Make a note ofthe answer preferred by the bulk of students because that each question. (This can additionally be accomplished using aninstant an answer system, such as Wadsworth’s sign up with In on turning Point hardware/software.) Discussionand explanation follow.This pretest is valuable because that creates attention in the topic matter, challenges students’ erroneouslyheld beliefs, and also introduces brand-new terms and concepts. The is valuable to instructors in assessing the level ofknowledge and attitudes in the subject area and also identifying the needs and the focus for the chapter.1-2 referrals to FoodPart A. Have actually students keep a record throughout one work of every referral they hear come food. Includetelevision, radio, and comments native family and friends. At the next class period, comment on findings andthe important duty food theatre in ours lives.Part B. Open up a general discussion on the question, “Why do we eat?” (Some that the plenty of reasons includehabit, hunger, appetite, nutritional value, energy, and emotional reasons, such together anger, sadness,depression, boredom, and happiness.) Also, pose the question, “Why carry out we eat what us eat?” (Some ofthe reasons include taste, preference, habit, tradition, social pressure, availability, convenience, economy,and nutritional value.)2Activity provided by: Lin Brown, Shasta College, Redding, CA.D. Crowley and also J. Baker, Instructor’s hand-operated to companion Life Choices: health and wellness Concepts and Strategies (St.Paul, MN: West, 1988) p. 113.12© 2011 Cengage Learning. All legal rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, other than for use as allowed in alicense dispersed with a details product or company or otherwise top top a password-protected website because that classroom use.81-3 Nutrition LabelingHave every student bring in a food package which makes a health and wellness claim and identify why the insurance claim isallowable under FDA guidelines, making use of the information in the text.1-4 Health professional PanelInvite a dashboard of health professionals to course to discuss their function in the nutrition treatment of patient orclients. Said professionals incorporate a registered dietitian, dietetic technician, nurse, physicaltherapist, society worker, and case manager.Teaching Suggestions1-1 specify “Essential”When you specify “essential,” together in important nutrient, educate your students the the root esse is aFrench/Latin derivative of the verb “to be.” This might stress the prominence of including all the essentialnutrients in the diet because that life. It logically adheres to that the vital nutrients room water, the energy nutrients,vitamins, and also minerals.31-2 comment on Nutrient DensityReinforce the principle of nutrient thickness by to compare selected nutrients in equal kcalorie quantities oforange juice and also oranges. Over there is considerably more fiber, calcium, iron, and also riboflavin in oranges thanin orange juice.4 friend could additionally compare plain orange juice with one or more of the heavily-fortifiedorange juice varieties currently available.Internet Activity1 comparison of Food PyramidsHave students usage the internet to accessibility information about one of the adhering to food pyramids:Mediterranean, Asian, or Latin American. (One great resource is the site for the Oldways Preservationand to trust at http://www.oldwayspt.org/.) Next, have them identify the similarities and also differencesbetween this food pyramid and the USDA’s MyPyramid (see http://www.mypyramid.gov).L. Fishman, Instructor’s hands-on to accompany Nutrition: Concepts and also Controversies, 4th Edition (St.Paul, MN: West, 1988) p. 18.4 L. Turner, Instructor’s hand-operated to expertise Nutrition, Eighth version (Belmont, CA:West/Wadsworth, 1999).3© 2011 Cengage Learning. All civil liberties Reserved. Might not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in entirety or in part, except for use as allowed in alicense dispersed with a particular product or company or otherwise top top a password-protected website because that classroom use.9Worksheet 1-1: The definition of Food in your LifeAlthough the is established that the primary role of food is to carry out energy and also nutrients forhumans’ biological needs, food is also crucial medium offered for social, political, and also religiousreasons. Food might be provided to initiate and also maintain interpersonal relationships through others, or expresssocio-religious ideas, often through ceremonies. Food may act together a symbolic medium to to express love,reward, punish, or demonstrate belongingness come a group. Some foods items are connected with society status,prestige, or individual and also group achievements.Briefly give an instance of exactly how food is provided in your life, various other than in satisfying her hunger, providingenergy, or meeting your nutritional needs. You may focus on food as an expression of social, political, orreligious ideas, or food as a symbolic medium. Discuss the role that food dram in your family members or personallife various other than the of giving nutrients. Be creative and original.© 2011 Cengage Learning. All civil liberties Reserved. May not it is in copied, scanned, or duplicated, in entirety or in part, except for use as permitted in alicense distributed with a specific product or organization or otherwise top top a password-protected website for classroom use.10Worksheet 1-2: Nutrient recommendation Standards equivalent ExerciseInstructions: enhance the letter for the definition on the best to the variety of the nutrientrecommendation standard on the left. Use each letter only once.Standard_____ 1. DRIDefinitionA. These values develop the upper borders for nutrient posing a hazardwhen spend in excess._____ 2. EAR_____ 3. UL_____ 4. AI_____ 5. RDAB. These space the structure of the DRI. They are a collection of values, basedon science, the are supplied to set dietary purposes for individuals.C. These worths are provided to nutrients when scientific proof isinsufficient to generate an RDA.D. These references are a set of standards that specify theamounts that energy and nutrients to support the wellness of individuals.They take into account the quantities needed for an illness prevention.E. This values create average requirements for groups based on lifestages and also gender. Lock are used to build nutrition program forschool children and the military.© 2011 Cengage Learning. All civil liberties Reserved. Might not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in totality or in part, except for use as permitted in alicense spread with a details product or service or otherwise ~ above a password-protected website for classroom use.11Worksheet 1-3: Junk ScienceThere are many sites top top the net that discuss nutrients. Part are reliable with scientificallybased information. Others may show up scientific ~ above the surface, but are inaccurate. Look increase the websitesbelow or find for your very own site that interest. Recognize which that the sites listed below are reputable. I m sorry are“junk science”? select one site and evaluate it utilizing the 10 clues in the Red Flags that Junk science (TableNP1-1 on web page 35 that the text) to recognize if that is reliable or quackery.SiteLinus Pauling MicronutrientInformation CenterColloidal MineralsMineral Water StoreQuackwatchAcai Berry dietQuick load Loss CentersBlood form DietURLhttp://lpi.oregonstate.edu/infocenter/vitamins.htmlhttp://www.oralchelation.com/clarks/http://www.mineralwaterstore.comhttp://www.quackwatch.org/http://www.acaidietinfo.comhttp://www.quickweightloss.net/http://www.thedietchannel.com/Blood-Type-diet.htmSite selected:Your evaluation:1.2.3.4.5.6.7.8.9.10.© 2011 Cengage Learning. All civil liberties Reserved. May not it is in copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, other than for usage as allowed in alicense dispersed with a specific product or company or otherwise ~ above a password-protected website because that classroom use.12Crossword 1: Energy and Nutrients1234567891011Acrossthe scientific research of foods and also the nutrients and othersubstances castle contain, and of their ingestion,digestion, absorption, transport, metabolism,interaction, storage, and excretion6. Carbon containing7. Form of nutrient that malfunction to yield power thebody deserve to use; encompass carbohydrate, protein, and also fat8. Foods items with wellness benefits past their nutrientcontributions; may include whole foods, strengthened foods,and modification foods9. Substances derived from food and also used in the human body toprovide energy and structural materials and also to offer asregulating agents to promote growth, maintenance,and repair11. Nonnutrient compounds in plant-derived foods items thathave biological activity in the body1.Downnot include carbon or related to toliving things3. A measure of the power a foodprovides family member to the amount of food(kcalories every gram)4. Nutrients a human being must obtain fromfood since the body cannot makethem because that itself in adequate quantities tomeet physiological needs5. Units through which energy is measured10. Unit of measure up for food energy; theamount of heat crucial to advanced thetemperature of 1 kilogram (kg) ofwater 1°C2.© 2011 Cengage Learning. All rights Reserved. Might not it is in copied, scanned, or duplicated, in entirety or in part, other than for usage as permitted in alicense distributed with a details product or company or otherwise on a password-protected website for classroom use.