Data anomaly is defined as the condition in which all of the data in the database are consistent with the real-world events and conditions.

You are watching: ____ data exist in the format in which they were collected.

False

One advantage of a database system over previous data management approaches is that the database system is considerably less complex.

False

Metadata describe the data characteristics and the set of relationships that links the data found within the database.

True

________ is defined as the condition in which all of the data in the database are consistent with the real-world events and conditions

Data Integrity

An operational database is sometimes referred to as an enterprise database.

False

The only way to access the data in a database is through the DBMS.

True

Structural dependence exists when it is possible to make changes in the file structure without affecting the application program’s ability to access the data.

False

Data and information are essentially the same thing.

False

_______ data exist in the format in which they were collected.

Unstructured

Accurate, relevant, and timely information is the key to ____.

Good Decision Making.

Database programming languages receive all application requests and translate them into the complex operations required to fulfill those requests.

False

One disadvantage of the DBMS is that it increases the risk of data security breaches.

False

A _______ is a character or group of characters that has a specific meaning.

Field

A desktop database is a _____ database.

Single-user

______ serve as the intermediary between the user and the database.

DBMSs

One disadvantage of a database system over previous data management approaches is increased costs.

True

Corporations use only structured data.

False

Data is the result of processing raw facts to reveal its meaning.

False

A(n) _______ database supports a relatively small number of users (usually fewer than 50) or a specific department within an organization.

Workgroup

The DBMS reveals much of the database’s internal complexity to the application programs and users.

False

______ exists when different versions of the same data appear in different places.

Data Inconsistency

A data warehouse can store data derived from many sources

True

A _____ is a collection of related records.

File

The same data might simultaneously structured and unstructured depending on the intended processing.

True

End-user data is ______.

Raw facts of interest to the end user.

An advantage of database systems is that you needn’t perform frequent updates and apply latest patches.

False

Data constitute the building blocks of information.

True

A _______ is a logically connected set of one or more fields that describes a person, place, or thing.

Record

Field refers to a collection of related records.

False

A(n) _____ might be written by a programmer or it might be created through a DBMS utility program.

Application

______ provide a description of the data characteristics and the set of relationships that link the data found within the database.

Metadata

_______ are the result of formatting disorganized data in order to facilitate storage, use and generation of information.

Structured

Most data that can be encountered are best classified as ______.

Semistructured

A(n) _______ database is used by an organization and supports many users across many departments.

Enterprise

When data are entered into a form and saved, they are placed in the underlying database as knowledge.

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False

The database structure in a DBMS is stored as a _____

Collection of files

______ data exist in a format that does not lend itself to processing that yields information.