Your concern is really broad, and also so difficult to completely answer in a few words, but I will carry out my best. 




You are watching: Communism doesn t work

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Image by Steve Harvey courtesy the Unsplash. 

But very first we need to specify ‘communism’. Ns agree with Wikipedia: it is “a philosophical, social, political and also economic ideology and movement”. Because that communists, a communist society, in which over there is “common property of the means of production and the lack of social classes, money and the state” is perfect state: that is, no existing device surfacetoairnewyork.comtually resurfacetoairnewyork.comhes that ideal. 

Although communist concepts existed before Karl Marx composed the ‘Communist manifesto’ in 1848, that paper has involved represent the core ideas of contemporary communist ideology and also movements. Marx later wrote ‘Capital’, a an ext detailed evaluation of just how the existing ‘capitalist’ device worked. His works inspired countless movements, including the 1917 Russian revolution. As a result, ‘communism’, i beg your pardon is one ideology, is commonly confused with the political and also economic mechanism that arisen in the Soviet Union after the Russian revolution. 

Marx said that top top the path towards ‘common ownership’ there would must be a change phase entailing state ownership. In the Soviet Union, the federal government nationalised private property, however state ownership itself is no ‘communism’. Nonetheless, the Soviet device has come to be the typically used meaning of ‘communism’.Your question most likely refers come ‘communism’ in the sense. The Soviet Union’s ‘communist’ device imposed main government ownership and control (a system additionally imposed ~ above other nations in the ‘Soviet bloc’ in eastern Europe), garbage elections top top the grounds the the ‘communist’ party stood for the people, and also used a repressive mechanism to suppress dissenters. Its economic situation stagnated and also it came to be increasingly unpopular until its collapse in 1989-90. 

So the Soviet mechanism (which had gone through various stages) lasted simply over 70 years, yet clearly, in the end, did no ‘work’. 

Why did Soviet communism not work? the is another complicated question, yet it boils down to one over-centralised, oppressive, bureaucratic and rigid economic and political system.

The fail of the Soviet system has been extensively hailed together proof that ‘communism’ does not work, yet this idea is based on the mistaken idea that communism means the Soviet Union’s system. 

In some cases when communists have gained power, economic and also social outcomes have been relatively positive. In the state of Kerala in India, whereby the communist party is strong and significant (often win elections), it has actually helped to construct a reasonably strong economy, education system and social safety and security net. In terms of economic performance, China, wherein the Communist Party rules v no various other legal parties, has actually been exceptional in current decades; if in Cuba, also with a one-party ar party-ruled government, economic performance has been weak yet social signs (life expectancy, educational level) have been remarkable good. These three situations are instances of really different systems ruled by communists. That is, ‘communism’ is no a solitary political and also economic system.

So the answer to your question is that the autumn of the Soviet Union does no prove that communist solution do, or perform not, ‘work’. 

However, the communist ideology, which says that the existing ‘capitalist’ system is unfair and that that is feasible to challenge it, has therefore ‘worked’ in the sense that it has actually inspired human being to press for social change: communists have as such been amongst trade unionists using political and also industrial push to for sure fairer working conditions, and campaigners for wellness services, same opportunities, and a fairer global economic system. 




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Emily Morris

Economic Development 


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